Referring to Constables in uniform serving and protecting the community. The more general term for the function is law enforcement officer or peace officer. also, "Community Orientated Policing" cops.. darbie.
contributor for many years. The word "cop" came to mean apprehension in the mid-19th century, and since police officers often capture or seize criminals, English officers came to be known as "coppers." In most countries, "police officer" is a generic term not specifying a particular rank. Qualifications may thus be relaxed or enhanced depending on the target mix of conscripts. Typical duties relate to keeping the peace, law enforcement, protection of people and property and the investigation of crimes.  In the United States, an average police officer's salary is between $53,561 and $64,581 in 2020. Get the stories that matter to you sent straight to your inbox with our daily newsletter.
In some countries, officers can also break road rules to perform their duties.. Officers are expected to respond to a variety of situations that may arise while they are on duty. I have a question: some people say that we can use policeman or policewoman nowadays, but I think those words are old vocabulary. As a retired police officer we learned back in the late 60s what cop stood for. "cop" is a shortening of the word "coppers." Use of the term "cop" to refer to a police officer came about because a "copper" is someone who captures or seizes something in English slang. The term "police officer" is generally most correct, since it is not gender based, and is slightly less familiar. AG hopes new plan will prevent suicides", "An Empirical Analysis of Racial Differences in Police Use of Force", "Lights, Camera, Redaction... Police Body-Worn Cameras: Autonomy, Discretion and Accountability", 19th Century picture of a US Police Officer with 6 pointed badge star, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Police_officer&oldid=983178392, Articles needing additional references from July 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 18:22. The word "cop" came to mean apprehension in the mid-19th century, and since police officers often capture or seize criminals, English officers came to be known as "coppers." They also function to discourage crimes through high-visibility policing, and most police forces have an investigative capability. Others say that it is an abbreviation for "Constabulary of Police. (Officers who work within investigative divisions or plainclothes are not necessarily of a higher rank but merely have different duties. A person who has been deputized to serve the function of the sheriff is referred to as the deputy. In some countries, rules and procedures dictate that a police officer is obliged to intervene in a criminal incident, even if they are off-duty. Before 1846, police officers in England were referred to as "Bobbies," named after Sir Robert Peel, the creator of the first Metropolitan Police force in London in 1828. Police are often used as an emergency service and may provide a public safety function at large gatherings, as well as in emergencies, disasters, search and rescue situations, and road traffic collisions. Essentially, the police force was there to take criminals off the streets.
To provide a prompt response in emergencies, the police often coordinate their operations with fire and emergency medical services. The original post is correct. The tradition spread to the United States, and eventually it was shortened to "cop.". In some countries, including Singapore, police ranks are supplemented through conscription, similar to national service in the military. The reason the term "cops" came into play is because the "Bobbies" in England had copper buttons on their uniform, therefore, "Coppers" became a slang term. , "Policeman" redirects here. Police officers may be sworn to an oath, and have the power to arrest people and detain them for a limited time, along with other duties and powers. ", General consensus on the word origins of "cop," however, suggest that the term is based more on the policeman's job than on his clothing or job title. As an example, the use of body-worn cameras has been shown to reduce both instances of misconduct and complaints against officers. Furthermore the English language, having been derived from England (what a concept) derives its etymology from England where patrolling LEOs (Law Enforcement Officials) are historically referred to as constables. One of the most common theories suggests that it is an acronym for "constable on patrol," but there is no historical or etymological evidence to back up this interpretation. From the early days of policing, when it was citizens that patrolled the streets, Citizens On Patrol or COPs. Police officers are those empowered by government to enforce the laws it creates.
For example an officer may use force if necessary to arrest or detain a person when it would ordinarily be assault. Nothing to do with acronyms like 'Constable of Peace' and the like either.
 Although most law enforcement agencies follow some variant of the use of force continuum, where officers are only authorized the level of force required to match situational requirements, specific thresholds and responses vary between jurisdictions. In some societies, police officers are paid relatively well compared to other occupations; their pay depends on what rank they are within their police force and how many years they have served. , In the performance of their duties, police officers may act unlawfully, either deliberately or as a result of errors in judgment. The French and Dutch have various other euphemisms for the police, and neither "cop" nor "copper" are any of them. Some officers are trained in special duties, such as counter-terrorism, surveillance, child protection, VIP protection, civil law enforcement, and investigation techniques into major crime including fraud, rape, murder, and drug trafficking. I was told by an old police officer, who was stationed in hell's kitchen, that the name originated with copper buttons. That was eventually shortened to "COPS". Some argue that the term is shortened from "copper" and derives from the tin or copper badges worn by a policeman. Police officers are often referred to as cops, but the origins of this nickname are something of a debate.  While officers are trained to avoid excessive use of force, and may be held legally accountable for infractions, the variability of law enforcement and its dependence on human judgment have made the subject an area of controversy and research. In the 1846 session papers of the Old Bailey (London) the testimony of a police officer mentioned that criminals are calling officers "coppers". Use of the term "cop" to refer to a police officer came about because a "copper" is someone who captures or seizes something in English slang. When Sir Robert Peel organized the first patrol force in London, the officers wore copper badges.
Absolutely nothing to do with brass buttons, badges, toecaps, socks full of pennies etc. What are the Different Types of Law Enforcement Uniforms?  Increasing numbers of people are joining the police force who possess tertiary education  and in response to this many police forces have developed a "fast-track" scheme whereby those with university degrees spend two to three years as a Constable before receiving promotion to higher ranks, such as Sergeants or Inspectors. It's very humdrum really. Some park rangers are commissioned as law enforcement officers and carry out a law-enforcement role within national parks and other back-country wilderness and recreational areas, whereas Military police perform law enforcement functions within the military. medicine, art, film, history, politics, ethics, and religion.
There are so many myths about the etymology for this word, but most are wrong.
Called cops because their badges were made of copper.
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